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Penawar Hutan Nursery

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On Friday 6 February, 2015, Majilis Bandaraya Shah Alam (MBSA) invited Dr. Jean Weber - UPM, Prof. Abu Hasan - UITM, Dato' Shahoran - landscape architecture, Datin Nur Siti - public speaker, Ecoworrior - NGO, and nature enthusiast to visit Tunas Harapan Nursery to explore some potentially interesting trees to be introduced to green the Shah Alam city. The nursery is situated at Lot no 4606, Diamond Creeks, Behrang Ulu, Tanjong Malim - Perak. The Tunas Harapan Nursery once was known as Penawar Hutan Nursery is famous for its diversity of local forest trees. The major customers for the nursery are Singapore, Putrajaya, and also Malaysian Department of Forestry. The nursery was established in 1996 by James Kingham. Currently, the nursery is chaired by Richard James Kingham - the second son of James Kingham.

The entrance gate is adorned by Schizolobium parahybum (tower tree) and Aleurites moluccanus (kemiri or buah keras or candle-nut).

Some of the total fifteen visitors.

Waiting for further instruction.

Participants enter the visitor hall.

According to Richard, the nursery is situated on about 190 hectares and comprises about 1200 species which are essentially local.

Mr. Tahir - Pengarah Jabatan Taman and Rekreasi (MBSA) and Datin Nur Siti.

Prof. Abu Hasan from UITM with MBSA staffs. The offered trees are compiled into book-lists and can be viewed in albums.

Mr Thahir- Pengarah Jabatan taman and Rekreasi (MBSA), Leong - Nature enthusiast, Datok Shahoran - Landscape architecture, Prof. Abu Hasan - UITM, DR. Jean Weber - UPM, Bernard Ng (next to Dr. Jean Weber) - Ecowarrior (NGO), and staffs of Jabatan Taman and Rekreasi (MBSA) at the main hall of the Tunas Harapan Nursery.

Richard James Kingham is giving the story line of the nursery.

One of nursery staff - Shila who has a big passion on plants and an amazing memory for scientific names.

A 4WD vehicle is needed for exploring the site.

Richard is explaining the trees diversity, their provenance, and method of cultivation. The trees behind are Dryobalanops lanceolata

Leong (in blue T-Shirt) - natur enthusiast and She Mei (with white cup) - Ecoworrior (NGO) are admiring the Dryobalanops lanceolata.

Dr. Jean Weber and some other participants are attending onto the tree transplanting method.

Penawar Hutan nursery is not a classic nursery as it provides local forest trees which are raised from the seeds. This approach is essential for the conservation of the country's endangered biodiversity. Indeed, the mass production of clones obtained by vegetative propagation which are commonly conducted by most nurseries lead to an impoverishment of the intra-specific genetic diversity. Clonal tree populations are therefore very fragile because they are unable to adapt to environmental changes such as climate variations or pest attacks.

Subsequently, Penawar Hutan Nursery has huge collection of trees ranging from the common fruit trees to the uncommon Myrtaceae species such as Tristaniopsis whiteana or the most rare Sapindaceae species of genus Dimocarpus those were collected from Sabah. Likewise, it has collection of ornamental plants to endangered species of Dipterocarpaceae.

Flower of Thunbergia erecta.

Leaves of Thunbergia erecta.

Young leaves of Flacortia inermis - Rukam.

Mature leaves of Flacortia inermis - Rukam.

Ripe fruits of Flacortia inermis - Rukam.

Flower of Syzygium jambos - Jambu mawar.

Unripe fruits of Syzygium jambos - Jambu mawar.

Leaves base of Fagraea auriculata.

Overview of Fagraea auriculata leaves.

Leaf of Dillenia sp - Simpoh air. The broaden petiole and dentate leaf margin are among the main characters of Dilleniaceae.

Flower of Dillenia suffruticosa - Simpoh air. This species is commonly as wilderness.

Flower buds and exposed seeds of Dillenia suffruticosa fruit.

Leaves of Tristaniopsis whiteana - uncommonly known member of guava family -Myrtaceae.

Bark of Tristaniopsis whiteana. Pealed old bark is accompanied by pale skin and smooth texture of the young bark are among the main characters for Myrtaceae.

Leaves of Ficus sp. I think Shila may help me for its species name.

Fruit of Ficus sp.

Fruits of Ficus sp come out only at the trunk base.

Aerial root of Dyospyros montana. The black color of wood was granted onto the family name - Ebenaceae.

The venation of Dyospyros montana.

Leaves of Dyospyros montana.

Leaves of Porteria obovata.

Leaves of Anisoptera scaphula.

Stipula and the young leaf of Dipterocarpus sp.

Stipula and young leaf of Dipterocarpus sp.

Leaves of Dipterocarpus sp.

Leaves of Shorea guiso.

Leaves of Shorea macrophylla.

View of forested planting area.

There are some good practices applied by the managers of the nursery:
1. Compost is made from branches which use to fertilize the plants.
2. The fallen leaves are not collected. This policy prevents weeds to grow and contributes to long-term soil fertilization.
3. The plants were arranged following their natural habitat. Therefore, the plants needing shade were placed under the ones those demanding full sun. This arrangement reproduces a natural forest structure.
Penawar Hutan Nursery
Is this Dryobanalops Lanceolata too?

This tree is Ceiba pentandra of Malvaceae, locally is called kapok in malay and indonesia or cotton silk in english. Ceiba pentadra is native to Central America. The photo shows deciduous moment (period during which the plants release their leaves) of the plant. Deciduous season usually occurs after the fruiting season. The lack of columnar trunk and the presence of multiple small trunks show that the tree has been experienced various injuries.

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